Medical Education’s Bumpy Road: Impacting Future Doctors and What We Can Do About It

Blog by Joe Babaian

As we navigate the ever-evolving medical landscape, it’s crucial to recognize the role of the medical education system in shaping the doctors of tomorrow. The question is: are we doing enough to prepare them for the challenges they’ll face? I’ll share my thoughts on the most pressing issues facing medical education today and potential solutions.

The Dark Side of Medical Education

The crushing weight of student debt: Let’s face it, medical school is expensive. According to the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC), the average debt for medical school graduates in 2020 was a staggering $207,000. It’s no wonder that this financial burden is taking a toll on aspiring doctors, potentially pushing them away from lower-paying primary care roles or public service. However, we must ask ourselves: is this really the kind of pressure we want to put on our future healthcare providers?

Primary care takes a back seat: The shortage of primary care physicians in the U.S. is a real problem. AAMC estimates a deficit of 21,400 to 55,200 primary care physicians by 2033. Sadly, many medical schools seem to prioritize specialty and subspecialty training over primary care. It’s high time we shift the focus back to the frontline of healthcare.

Diversity: Where art thou? A diverse medical workforce is essential for addressing health disparities and providing culturally competent care. However, underrepresented minorities are still shockingly underrepresented in the medical field. For example, African Americans comprise only 5% of practicing physicians, while they represent 13% of the U.S. population. This is an issue that must be tackled head-on.

How Can We Turn Things Around?

Financial aid and loan forgiveness to the rescue: We need to expand financial aid and loan forgiveness programs to alleviate the burden of debt for medical students. Programs like the National Health Service Corps (NHSC) already offer loan repayment assistance to physicians who commit to serving in underserved areas. We need more initiatives like these!

Make primary care cool again: Medical schools should encourage students to consider primary care a rewarding career. This can be achieved by integrating primary care-focused curricula, clinical experiences, and mentorship programs. Let’s show them that primary care is just as vital and fulfilling as any other specialty!

Embrace diversity and inclusion: Medical schools must prioritize recruiting and retaining students from underrepresented backgrounds. In addition, addressing barriers like implicit bias and offering support services are essential for creating a more diverse and inclusive medical community.

The medical education system is at a crossroads. However, by confronting the challenges faced by future doctors, such as overwhelming debt, inadequate emphasis on primary care, and a lack of diversity, medical schools can help pave the way for a competent, well-rounded, and diverse workforce that truly reflects and serves the needs of our diverse society.

This week on #HCLDR we’ll discuss Medical Education and what comes next.

Please join me on Tuesday, May 2, 2023, at 8:30pm ET for the weekly #hcldr tweet chat, where we will discuss Medical Education.

T1: How can medical schools and policymakers work together to address the financial burden of medical education and make it more accessible for aspiring doctors?

T2: What specific changes can be made to medical school curricula to place a stronger emphasis on primary care and encourage more students to pursue it as a career?

T3: How can the medical community foster greater diversity and inclusion within its ranks, and what role do medical schools play in ensuring a diverse workforce?

T4: What are the potential long-term impacts on healthcare if the current challenges in medical education, such as high debt, lack of primary care focus, and insufficient diversity, are not adequately addressed?

    Image Credit: Fair Use. By Thomas Eakins – derivative from , Miguel Hermoso Cuesta, 2015-02-20 22:10:48, Public Domain,


    Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). (2020). Medical Student Education: Debt, Costs, and Loan Repayment Fact Card. Retrieved from

    Rohlfing, J., et al. (2014). Medical student debt and major life choices other than specialty. Med Educ Online, 19, 25603.

    Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC). (2020). The Complexities of Physician Supply and Demand: Projections from 2018 to 2033. Retrieved from

    U.S. Census Bureau. (2019). QuickFacts. Retrieved from

    National Health Service Corps (NHSC). (n.d.). Loan Repayment Program. Retrieved from

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